|Impact of counselor race and power base on black and white college students - Peddle, Mark J|
Keywords: Student counselors; Race relations; Interpersonal attraction
|Proxemic determinants of perceived communicator characteristics and attitude change - Riess, Marc|
Keywords: Persuasion (Psychology; Interpersonal attraction; Personal space; Body language
|Physical appearance and personality - Knight, Mary-Somers|
Submitted to the Department of Psychology in partial fulfillment of the requirements of Sweet Briar College for the degree with honors in Psychology
Keywords: Sweet Briar College; Body image; Interpersonal attraction; Beauty, Personal
|ERIC ED344138: Self-Esteem and Attitudes toward Love in Abused and Non-Abused Women. - ERIC|
This study sought to identify personality differences in abused versus non-abused women. Abused women (N=25) were from several centers for abused women and non-abused women (N=39) were students in evening psychology classes. All subjects completed Rubin's Love Scale, the abbreviated Dominance and Romanticism Scale, Rosenberg's Self-Esteem Scale, and questions about emotional and physical abuse and personal history...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Attitudes; Battered Women; College Students; Higher Education; Interpersonal Attraction; Love; Personality Traits; Self Esteem
|ERIC ED346405: Expression of Power and Heterosexual Attraction. - ERIC|
Facial attractiveness has been the focus of considerable research in social psychology. Nonverbal behaviors emitted by the face may affect the perceived attractiveness of males and females differently. Visual behavior has particularly important functions in regulating social interaction and in establishing and conveying social power. Power and attractiveness may conflict, especially in American culture where men are attributed with more social, political, and economic power than women...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; College Students; Higher Education; Interpersonal Attraction; Interpersonal Communication; Sex Differences
|ERIC ED335581: The Effects of Attitude Similarity and Utility on Liking for a Stranger: Measurement of Attraction with the IJS. - ERIC|
Research has demonstrated that attraction to a stranger is a function of the proportion of similar attitudes reported by that stranger. Traditional theories of attraction do not usually differentiate between respect or esteem for another and liking. This study used a 2 x 2 factorial experiment to test the hypothesis that the desire to work with someone does not necessarily imply liking. The similarity of another's attitudes to those of the subject (similar or dissimilar) and the major of a bogus...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Females; Higher Education; Interpersonal Attraction; Peer Relationship; Undergraduate Students
|ERIC ED371427: Love Styles, Self-Monitoring, and Relational Message Interpretation: What's Being in Love Got To Do with It? - ERIC|
A study tested the notion that falling in love causes changes in love styles, relational message interpretations, and personality characteristics such as self-monitoring. Subjects, 209 undergraduate communication students, completed measures of love styles, self-monitoring, and relational message interpretations. In addition, participants indicated whether or not they were in love. Participation for students partially fulfilled a research requirement for either a public speaking or interpersonal...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Communication Research; Correlation; Higher Education; Interpersonal Attraction; Interpersonal Relationship; Love; Self Management; Undergraduate Students
|ERIC ED328812: Casual Dating Dissolution: A Typology. - ERIC|
Although there are many typologies of relationship development and love, it is frequently assumed that all break-ups are alike. This longitudinal study examined persons' cognitions regarding early relationship interactions and/or observations which caused them to think about the viability of the relationship. The role of causal attributions in the dissolution of casual-dating relationships was explored and led to the development of the typology of casual-dating dissolution...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; College Students; Dating (Social); Higher Education; Interpersonal Attraction; Longitudinal Studies; Social Life
|ERIC ED315713: Different Views of Love: Deductive and Inductive Inquiry and the Implications of Research Findings for Counseling. - ERIC|
The fact that love is so fundamental to the human experience and can affect clients in so many ways suggests that counselors may frequently encounter clients seeking assistance with problems involving love, and that counselors may consequently be interested in scientific inquiry regarding the nature and experience of love. This paper reviews two distinct scenarios of inquiry (deductive and inductive) regarding the nature of love...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Book Reviews; Counseling; Interpersonal Attraction; Interpersonal Relationship; Love; Scientific Methodology; Sexuality
|ERIC ED301836: Schema-Triggered Affect and Situational Concerns. - ERIC|
Fiske and her colleagues have argued that impression formation begins with the perceiver's attempt to match a new target person's personal attributes to those that characterize a familiar social category in memory. Results of a study testing this model found general support for it, but results for subjects who saw partial matches (the target was neither a good nor poor representation of a particular category) were less clear cut...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Affective Behavior; College Students; Dating (Social); Females; Higher Education; Interpersonal Attraction; Mate Selection
|ERIC ED326793: Relationship Satisfaction and Attentiveness to Alternatives. - ERIC|
Social exchange theory asserts that satisfaction is not the only factor that determines whether relationships last. Whether or not individuals are happy, interactions are evaluated using a comparison level for alternatives that describes the quality of outcomes judged to be available in the other partnerships. In this study, college students (N=137) provided detailed descriptions of their current romances that delineated their current satisfaction, and attention to and evaluation of the alternat...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; College Students; Dating (Social); Higher Education; Interpersonal Attraction; Interpersonal Relationship; Satisfaction
|ERIC ED340466: Children's Self-Presentations with Infants: Age, Gender, and Race Comparisons. - ERIC|
This study examined gender and race differences in children's interactions with infants. Subjects were 53 black and white children between 8 and 10 years of age. An experimenter of the same race as the children presented them with a 6-week to 12-month-old infant of the same race. Children were photographed with the infant; while playing the role of the parent to the infant; and with a peer of the same race...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Age Differences; Blacks; Infants; Interpersonal Attraction; Parent Role; Peer Relationship; Preschool Children; Proximity; Racial Differences; Sex Differences; Whites
|ERIC ED367939: Why Do I Like You? Students' Understanding of the Impact of the Factors That Contribute to Liking. - ERIC|
A study examined the impact of both gender and college experience on judgments of the importance of its factors that determine liking. Seniors and freshmen completed a survey on friend relationships. Participants provided demographic information about a best friend (i.e., where the friend is now, age, and sex), and rated the importance of similarity, proximity, familiarity, warmth, sincerity, competence, and physical attractiveness in the friendship...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Attachment Behavior; College Freshmen; College Seniors; Familiarity; Friendship; Higher Education; Interpersonal Attraction; Interpersonal Competence; Interpersonal Relationship; Proximity
|ERIC ED334477: Dating Relationships of Entering Freshmen: A Baseline Study of Courtship Violence. - ERIC|
This study established baseline data on the relationship attitudes and behaviors of entering first-year students. Subjects, 97 male and 178 female entering first-year students at a mid-sized regional mid-Atlantic public university, responded to a relationship questionnaire (for a response rate of 69%). Questions related to specific relationship behaviors were taken from L. P. Rouse's Dominance Motive and Dominance Possessiveness Scales...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; College Freshmen; Dating (Social); Higher Education; Interpersonal Attraction; Social Behavior; Student Attitudes; Student Surveys; Violence
|ERIC ED355581: Cohesiveness and Interpersonal Attraction: A Selected, Annotated Basic Bibliography. - ERIC|
This 43-item selected, annotated bibliography on cohesiveness and interpersonal attraction includes books, journal articles and conference papers published between 1953 and 1990. The bibliography is in two parts. The first part consists of key sources, most of which have extensive bibliographies or lists of references. The second part consists of representative research on factors related to cohesiveness or interpersonal attraction...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Annotated Bibliographies; Classroom Communication; Communication Research; Family Communication; Group Dynamics; Higher Education; Interpersonal Attraction; Interpersonal Communication; Secondary Education
|ERIC ED351661: The Perceived Relationship between Physical Attractiveness and Social Influence Effectiveness. - ERIC|
The power of beauty has been contemplated by writers, poets, and philosophers for centuries. The link between the target physical attractiveness and perceived social influence effectiveness has not been directly and systematically investigated. The goal of this study was to assess whether physically attractive (versus unattractive) individuals are perceived as possessing different amounts and types of interpersonal power...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; College Students; Higher Education; Individual Power; Interpersonal Attraction; Interpersonal Competence; Interpersonal Relationship; Physical Attractiveness; Student Attitudes
|ERIC ED343717: Friends Versus Nonfriends: Perceptions of Similarity across Self, Teachers, and Peers. - ERIC|
This study examined bias in children's perceptions of the similarities between themselves and others. Participants included 346 fourth and fifth graders, and their teachers, from 5 schools. Students rated same-sex classmates on a 4-point scale that assessed how similar or different the subjects felt their classmates were. Several days later, students rated themselves and same-sex classmates on a variety of social and nonsocial dimensions...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Elementary School Students; Elementary School Teachers; Foreign Countries; Friendship; Intermediate Grades; Interpersonal Attraction; Peer Relationship; Social Bias; Social Cognition; Teacher Student Relationship
|ERIC ED356597: Unlikely Alliances: Friendship & People with Developmental Disabilities. - ERIC|
This discussion of friendship in the lives of people with developmental disabilities raises questions which probe the nature of friendship, friendship between people with and without disabilities, and the special challenges involved in making and keeping friends. First, four dimensions of friendship are identified and discussed: (1) attraction (the "something" that draws friends to one another); (2) embodiment (the particular ways people physically enact friendship); (3) power (the extent and wa...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Adults; Context Effect; Developmental Disabilities; Friendship; Helping Relationship; Individual Development; Individual Power; Interpersonal Attraction; Interpersonal Competence; Interpersonal Relationship; Normalization (Handicapped); Peer Relationship
|ERIC ED330017: Teaching Interpersonal Communication through an Analysis of Students' Initial Interaction: A Q-Methodological Study of Styles in Meeting People. - ERIC|
A study categorized self-perceptions of subjects regarding their feelings about initial communication interaction. Using Q-Technique, a total of 138 subjects, mostly students at a midsized, midwestern, urban university enrolled in interpersonal communication courses, were studied through the use of two structured Q-sorts containing statements about nonverbal communication, verbal communication, physical setting, social setting, and decisionmaking...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Body Language; College Students; Communication Research; Discourse Analysis; Higher Education; Interpersonal Attraction; Interpersonal Communication; Personality Assessment; Personality Measures; Personality Traits; Q Methodology; Rapport; Social Cognition
|ERIC ED327797: Counselor Attractiveness, Similarity, and Session Impact: A Field Study. - ERIC|
Past research has suggested that interpersonal influence in counseling is enhanced as clients perceive their counselors to be interpersonally attractive and similar to themselves. This study examined the relationship of specific verbal and nonverbal cues to perceived counselor attractiveness in a field setting, and explored the relation between perceived counselor attractiveness and session impact, the client's perception of the qualities of a therapeutic session, and their feelings about the se...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Congruence (Psychology); Counseling Effectiveness; Counselor Characteristics; Counselor Client Relationship; Cues; Higher Education; Interpersonal Attraction; Outcomes of Treatment; Physical Attractiveness
|ERIC ED314668: Perceptions of Characteristics Considered Attractive by the Other Gender. - ERIC|
Rating adjectives, 54 female and 53 male college students indicated their own preferences in dating partners or their perceptions of the other gender's preferences. The men rated good looks and physical health higher than the women did, while the women valued industriousness more than the men did. Both men and women valued intelligence more than they thought the other sex valued intelligence, and both felt that the other sex valued a dominating partner more than subjects of the other sex actuall...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Attitude Measures; College Students; Comparative Analysis; Dating (Social); Higher Education; Interpersonal Attraction; Mate Selection; Personality Traits; Sex Differences; Social Attitudes; Student Attitudes
|ERIC ED315712: Client Judgement of Therapist Characteristics: A Factor in Treatment Outcome. - ERIC|
This study, based on Strong's (1968) model of therapy as social influence, focused on the relationship between clients' judgments of therapists' characteristics and the outcomes of their treatment for generalized anxiety. Thirty subjects and 15 therapists met in 12 individual therapy sessions using Progressive Relaxation Training combined with either cognitive or nondirective therapy procedures. After three sessions and also at the end of the sessions, clients' judgments of their therapists' exp...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Affective Measures; Anxiety; Attitude Measures; Counselor Characteristics; Counselor Client Relationship; Counselor Evaluation; Counselor Performance; Interpersonal Attraction; Interpersonal Relationship; Outcomes of Treatment; Relaxation Training; Therapy